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作者(中):王柔文
作者(英):Wang, Jou Wen
論文名稱(中):智慧型電腦動畫攝影編輯輔助系統
論文名稱(英):Design of An Intelligent Camera Editing System for Computer Animation
指導教授(中):李蔡彥
指導教授(英):Li, Tsai Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:資訊科學系
出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:虛擬攝影即時攝影機規劃智慧型編輯系統
英文關鍵詞:Virtual CinematographyReal-Time Camera PlanningIntelligent Editing System
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電影是門用畫面說故事的藝術,除了劇情上的編排,導演也必須思考如何運用鏡頭配置和運鏡技巧來渲染氣氛並傳達故事。電影拍攝製作上一直都是件費時費力的工程,儘管現在有不少電影後製工具,但專注在根據電影內容提升或改善拍攝手法的工具卻不多。本研究目標為開發智慧型電腦動畫攝影編輯輔助系統及互動操作平台,透過圖示化攝影機拍攝的結果作為選項的介面和推薦系統,讓使用者可以快速簡單的設置虛擬攝影機,配合智慧型回饋提醒系統檢查各鏡頭間是否違反拍攝規則,以達到輔助攝影初學者的目的,提供創新有效的動畫電影拍攝輔助工具。我們透過實驗讓不同攝影背景經驗的使用者操作,以驗證我們系統的可用性。
Movie is the art of "storytelling." In addition to arranging story elements in a movie, a di-rector must also consider how to present the story by shots arrangement and operations. Filmmaking is a time-consuming process. Although there are many post-production tools available in the market, it is rare to find a tool focusing on facilitating shot arrangement to improve the quality of a movie. In this work, we have developed an intelligent camera editing system for computer animation, in which users can easily set up virtual cameras through se-lecting shot icons recommended by the system. It can also provide intelligent feedbacks to novice users and check if the shots selected by the users violate the rules in virtual cinema-tography. In order to show that the system is an innovative and effective tool for making an animation film, we have conducted an evaluation study by inviting participants with different photographic backgrounds to experience the system and verify the usability of our system.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 x
第1章 導論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目標 2
1.3 本論文之章節架構 4
第2章 相關研究 5
2.1 攝影機規劃 5
2.2 虛擬攝影機的應用 6
2.3 攝影鏡頭風格模式化 8
2.3.1 電影攝影學 8
2.3.2 鏡頭風格模式 10
第3章 系統架構 17
3.1 故事腳本 18
3.2 導演輔助編輯平台介面設計 20
3.2.1 系統介面 21
3.2.2 輔助編輯介面設計 25
3.2.3 智慧型使用者介面設計 29
3.2.3.1 介面顯示及隱藏 30
3.2.3.2 攝影風格規則的合理性和衝突 31
3.2.3.3 鏡頭編輯提示警告 32
3.3 電腦動畫攝影編輯輔助系統使用範例 34
3.3.1 電腦動畫攝影編輯輔助系統的操作方式 34
3.3.2 Shot配置細節步驟介紹 38
3.3.2.1 Shot的切割 38
3.3.2.2 設置Shot的拍攝方式 39
3.3.3 其他攝影風格規則設置範例 43
第4章 實驗設計與結果分析 47
4.1 實驗目標 47
4.2 實驗流程 48
4.3 實驗對象 49
4.4 實驗結果與分析 53
4.4.1 引導式操作任務之使用者紀錄分析 54
4.4.2 指定任務之使用者紀錄分析 55
4.4.3 自由操作結果 59
4.4.4 問卷分析 60
4.4.5 CSI分析 63
第5章 結論與未來發展 66
5.1 研究結論 66
5.2 改進與未來發展 67
參考文獻 68
附錄 71
附錄1 實驗同意書 71
附錄2 實驗流程 - 實驗操作說明之基本介紹 72
附錄3 實驗流程 - 引導式操作任務 74
附錄4 實驗流程 - 指定任務 77
附錄5 實驗流程 - 問卷調查 78
附錄6 受試者自由操作之實驗結果 81
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